Serial data acquisition in the Checkweigher Management Information System
Download a Free Trial Version. It allows you to try all features! Plugins can be downloaded separately here
Serial data acquisition in the "Checkweigher Management Information System"
We require a "Checkweigher Management Information System" compatible software
to acquire the serial data from our present Checkweighers completely
automatically without the need for operator intervention.
We want reports to be viewed and printed on-demand at any time based
upon products, batches, production runs, lines, and periods.
- The average weight;
- The Product summary report;
- The Production run summary report;
We want the software to hold a copy of the original data in raw format,
to make the system "Trading Standards" friendly format to provide us with traceability, and a paperless environment to view current production and historical
We want information from the multiplexor to flow into either
Microsoft Access or Microsoft Excel fields in a systematic order.
Fig.1. Serial data acquisition. Hardware overview
Fig.2. Serial data acquisition. Raw
captured in the HyperTerminal
It is assumed that:
You have configured all communication parameters (baud rate, the number of data bits, flow control, etc.) in the data logger, and you can receive all data without communication errors.
The image (Fig.1) above shows a data flow. As an example, for a single report, all non-printable characters with a code of less than 20 Hex are selected for display. The indicated radio buttons are set, as shown below.
Fig.3. Serial data acquisition. Serial data
If your data flow is fast, then ASDL will not split your data into separate lines, and you will get one long line on the screen. For this reason, it is necessary to tick the "Wrap words" tick box. It effectively adjusts the line length to the width of the window (Fig.4, pos #1)
Fig.4. Serial data acquisition. Data logger
window view setup
Click the "OK" button and attempt to receive data from a serial port. You should get something like the image below.
Fig.5. Serial data acquisition. Raw data blocks.
It is the other view of the data received. Notice that all non-printable characters were replaced with their code i.e., #1E, #1F, and #1B. It is clear from the data screen above that the data block (within the green rectangle) begins with #1E#1F#1B (underlined by blue) ends with #0D#0A#0C (underlined by red).
We are now ready to configure the modules. First, select the "ASCII data query and parser" plugin (Fig.6a, pos. #1) from a drop-down list. Then, enable a parsing option for data received (Fig.6a, pos. #2) and select the necessary data export plugins. The DDE server (Fig.6b, pos. #3) will help to check the accuracy of the parser's configuration. The "Local database" plugin will write the data to a Microsoft Excel file (Fig.6b, pos. #4).
Pic.6a. Serial data acquisition. The data parser plugin.
Pic.6b. Serial data acquisition. Data export plugins.
Now, please, open a configuration window of the ASCII parser and query plugin (click the "Setup" button near a drop-down box fig.6a, pos.1). The dialog window will appear on the desktop (fig.7).
Fig.7. Serial data acquisition. Parser configuration window.
The configuration process should be straightforward if you have examined your data flow in the data logger window (Fig.5). You should type in the same as in the data logger window in fields 1 and 2. Field #1 marks the beginning of the data block, and field #2 marks the end. In the example, our start marker is #1E#1F#1B, and the end marker is #0D#0A#0C. The values to be typed in here are as underlined in red in Fig.5 above. Because the report in this example is very long, we should increase the "Timeout" value (pos.#3) to prevent losing reports.
You can add a date/time stamp to your data export. You need to activate the "Add date/time stamp" option in position #4.
The next tab is an important part of the parser configuration. The data parser uses this information for data extraction from the data block. In the example, the report contains 23 data items (see Fig.2), namely: BATCH NO, date and time, unit no, and so on, which should be separated out into different variables. Later, these variables will be used in the data export and will be placed in different columns of our Excel spreadsheet.
Fig.8. Serial data acquisition. Parser items.
Any new items may be added by clicking the "Add item" button (Fig.8, pos.#7). Before adding an item, the program will ask you about an item description. You can type any characters here, which will help you to remember a variable's content. For this example, we add all 23 variables with their corresponding descriptions. You can import all data parsing items from a file by clicking the button
at pos. #8 in Fig.8. The file with all variables you can download here (right-click over the link and select the "Save target as..." menu item).
Each parser item has several properties:
- Item name. This name will be bound to a column in the data export plugin. It is a limited text description and cannot contain spaces and a few other characters;
- Parser's type. It
is a method which the program will use for data extraction. Our parser has a few methods from simple to the most powerful.
In this example, where data items are placed in a variable place, we should use the most powerful method - regular expression. This method allows
you to extract data from any position of the report by a mask, so-called "regular expression";
- Data type. It is the data type of the characters extracted. For example, you can specify FLOAT or STRING data types. The plugin converts a string value to the specified data type using options from the "Data formats" tab;
- Default value. The parser using this values when it cannot extract any value from a report, or convert it to the selected data type;
- Regular expression. In this example, we need numbers or strings, which follow by a dot or the ":" character in several places of the report. For example, a regular expression will as
following: HBATCH NO\.(\d+). Here, the expression
in parenthesis is our number, which we should extract to a variable. Please, search in Google for a detailed description of regular expressions;
- Entrance position. The report contains only one value for each parser variable. Therefore an entrance position for each variable is 1.
All other items have identical parameters, except a data type and a regular expression.
In the next tab, you can specify basic format options as per (Fig.9). If you had specified the data type "String" in the item's parameters, then the first two options allow you to remove blank spaces from a value. Our called and caller number contain blank spaces at the start of a value. The second option will enable you to convert the date-time string to a field with the DateTime data type. We specified YYMMDDHHNNSS here, according to the specification above. For a detailed description of formatting characters, please, see the help file.
Fig.9. Serial data acquisition. Format of
Other options are unnecessary in our case because all our items do not have the date or time data type.
Click the "OK" button and close the parser configuration window. Then click the "OK" button in the options window.
Now that our parser is ready, it is time to test it. Connect your device and power it on if necessary. Check to see if you can receive a data block from the specified serial port. If the parser had been correctly set up, then you should see all parser items and their values (Fig.10) in the DDE server window below.
Fig.10. Serial data acquisition. DDE server window.
All parser items are now ready for export to an Excel file.